33- Sura Al-A’raf

424

33- Sura Al-A’raf

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  1. And We divided them into twelve tribes ( as distinct ) nations. We revealed to Mûsâ ( Moses ) when his people asked him for water ( saying ) : « Strike the stone with your stick » , and there gushed forth out of it twelve springs, each group knew its own place for water. We shaded them with the clouds and sent down upon them Al- Manna [ 1 ] and the quails ( saying ) : « Eat of the good things with which We have provided you. » They harmed Us not but they used to harm themselves.
  2. And ( remember ) when it was said to them: « Dwell in this town ( Jerusalem ) and eat therefrom wherever you wish, and say, ‘ ( O Allâh ) forgive our sins’; and enter the gate prostrate ( bowing with humility ) . We shall forgive you your wrong- doings. We shall increase ( the reward ) for the good- doers. »
  3. But those among them who did wrong changed the word that had been told to them. So We sent on them a torment from the heaven in return for their wrong- doings. [ 2 ]
  4. And ask them ( O Muhammad ( saas ) ) about the town that was by the sea; when they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath ( i.e. Saturday ) : when their fish came to them openly on the Sabbath day, and did not come to them on the day they had no Sabbath. Thus We made a trial of them, for they used to rebel against Allâh’s Command ( disobey Allâh ) [ see the Qur’ân: V.4:154 and its footnote ] .

164. And when a community among them said: « Why do you preach to a people whom Allâh is about to destroy or to punish with a severe torment? » ( The preachers ) said: « In order to be free from guilt before your Lord ( Allâh ) , and perhaps they may fear Allâh. »
165. So when they forgot the remindings that had been given to them, We rescued those who forbade evil, but We seized those who did wrong with a severe torment because they used to rebel against Allâh’s Command ( disobey Allâh ) .
166. So when they exceeded the limits of what they were prohibited, We said to them: « Be you monkeys, despised and rejected. » [ 1 ]
167. And ( remember ) when your Lord declared that He would certainly keep on sending against them ( i.e. the Jews ) , till the Day of Resurrection, those who would afflict them with a humiliating torment. Verily, your Lord is Quick in Retribution ( for the disobedient, wicked ) and certainly He is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful ( for the obedient and those who beg Allâh’s Forgiveness ) .
168. And We have broken them ( i.e. the Jews ) up into various separate groups on the earth: some of them are righteous and some are away from that. And We tried them with good ( blessings ) and evil ( calamities ) in order that they might turn ( to Allâh’s Obedience ) .
169. Then after them succeeded an ( evil ) generation, which inherited the Book, but they chose ( for themselves ) the goods of this low life ( evil pleasures of this world ) saying ( as an excuse ) : « ( Everything ) will be forgiven to us. » And if ( again ) the offer of the like ( evil pleasures of this world ) came their way, they would ( again ) seize them ( would commit those sins ) . Was not the covenant of the Book taken from them that they would not say about Allâh anything but the truth? And they have studied what is in it ( the Book ) . And the home of the Hereafter is better for those who are Al- Muttaqûn ( the pious – See V.2:2 ) . Do not you then understand?
170. And as to those who hold fast to the Book ( i.e. act on its teachings ) and perform As- Salât ( Iqâmat- as- Salât ) , certainly We shall never waste the reward of those who do

171. And ( remember ) when We raised the mountain over them as if it had been a canopy, and they thought that it was going to fall on them. ( We said ) : « Hold firmly to what We have given you [ i.e. the Taurât ( Torah ) ] , and remember that which is therein ( act on its commandments ) , so that you may fear Allâh and obey Him. »
172. And ( remember ) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed ( or from Adam’s loin his offspring ) and made them testify as to themselves ( saying ) : « Am I not your Lord? » They said: « Yes! We testify, » lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: « Verily, we have been unaware of this. »
173. Or lest you should say: « It was only our fathers afortime who took others as partners in worship along with Allâh, and we were ( merely their ) descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al- Bâtil ( i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allâh ) ? » ( Tafsir At- Tabarî ) .
174. Thus do We explain the Ayât ( proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc. ) in detail, so that they may turn ( unto the truth ) .
175. And recite ( O Muhammad ( saas ) ) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayât ( proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc. ) , but he threw them away; so Shaitân ( Satan ) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray.
176. And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his parable is the parable of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he ( still ) lolls his tongue out. Such is the parable of the people who reject Our Ayât ( proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc. ) . So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect.
177. Evil is the parable of the people who rejected Our Ayât ( proofs, evidence, verses and signs, etc. ) , and used to wrong their ownselves.
178. Whomsoever Allâh guides, he is the guided one, and whomsoever He sends astray,- then those! they are the losers.

179. And surely, We have created many of the jinn and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, and they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not ( the truth ) . They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.
180. And ( all ) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh [ 1 ] , so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny ( or utter impious speech against ) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.
181. And of those whom We have created, there is a community who guides ( others ) with the truth, and establishes justice therewith.
182. Those who reject Our Ayât ( proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc. ) , We shall gradually seize them with punishment in ways they perceive not.
183. And I respite them; certainly My Plan is strong.
184. Do they not reflect? There is no madness in their companion ( Muhammad ( saas ) ) . He is but a plain warner.
185. Do they not look in the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all things that Allâh has created; and that it may be that the end of their lives is near. In what message after this will they then believe?
186. Whomsoever Allâh sends astray, none can guide him; and He lets them wander blindly in their transgressions.
187. They ask you about the Hour ( Day of Resurrection ) : « When will be its appointed time? » Say: « The knowledge thereof is with my Lord ( Alone ) . None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden. » They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: « The knowledge thereof is with Allâh ( Alone ) , but most of mankind know not. » [ 2 ]

188. Say ( O Muhammad ( saas ) ) : « I possess no power over benefit or harm to myself except as Allâh wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib ( Unseen ) , I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe. »
189. It is He Who has created you from a single person ( Adam ) , and ( then ) He has created from him his wife [ Hawwâ’ ( Eve ) ] , in order that he might enjoy the pleasure of living with her. When he ( a polytheist from Adam’s offspring – as stated by Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir ) had sexual relation with her ( the polytheist’s wife ) , she became pregnant and she carried it about lightly. Then when it became heavy, they both invoked Allâh, their Lord ( saying ) : « If You give us a Sâlih ( good in every aspect ) child, we shall indeed be among the grateful. »
190. But when He gave them ( the polytheist and his wife ) a Sâlih ( good in every aspect ) child, they ascribed partners to Him ( Allâh ) in that which He has given to them. High be Allâh, Exalted above all that they ascribe as partners to Him. ( Tafsir Ibn Kathir ) .
191. Do they attribute as partners to Allâh those who created nothing but they themselves are created?
192. No help can they give them, nor can they help themselves.
193. And if you call them to guidance, they follow you not. It is the same for you whether you call them or you keep silent.
194. Verily, those whom you call upon besides Allâh are slaves like you. So call upon them and let them answer you if you are truthful.
195. Have they feet wherewith they walk? Or have they hands wherewith they hold? Or have they eyes wherewith they see? Or have they ears wherewith they hear? Say ( O Muhammad ( saas ) ) : « Call your ( so- called ) partners ( of Allâh ) and then plot against me, and give me no respite!»

196. Verily, my Walî ( Protector, Supporter, and Helper ) is Allâh Who has revealed the Book ( the Qur’ân ) , and He protects ( supports and helps ) the righteous.
197. And those whom you call upon besides Him ( Allâh ) cannot help you nor can they help themselves.
198. And if you call them to guidance, they hear not and you will see them looking at you, yet they see not.
199. Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish ( i.e. don’t punish them ) .
200. And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitân ( Satan ) , then seek refuge with Allâh. Verily, He is All- Hearer, All- Knower.
201. Verily, those who are Al- Muttaqûn ( the pious – see V.2:2 ) , when an evil thought comes to them from Shaitân ( Satan ) , they remember ( Allâh ) , and ( indeed ) they then see ( aright ) .
202. But ( as for ) their brothers ( the devils ) they ( i.e. the devils ) plunge them deeper into error, and they never stop short.
203. And if you do not bring them a miracle [ according to their ( i.e. Quraish- pagans’ ) proposal ] , they say: « Why have you not brought it? » [ 1 ] Say: « I but follow what is revealed to me from my Lord. This ( the Qur’ân ) is nothing but evidence from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe. »
204. So, when the Qur’ân is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy. [ i.e. during the compulsory congregational prayers when the Imâm ( of a mosque ) is leading the prayer ( except Sûrat Al- Fâtihah ) , and also when he is delivering the Friday- prayer Khutbah ] . ( Tafsir At- Tabari ) .
205. And remember your Lord within yourself, humbly and with fear and without loudness in words in the mornings, and in the afternoons and be not of those who are neglectful. [ 2 ]
206. Surely, those who are with your Lord ( angels ) are never too proud to perform acts of worship to Him, but they glorify His Praise and prostrate themselves before Him.